Ancient Monuments

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Three bowl barrows 520m and 620m east of Lynton Cross

A Scheduled Monument in Bittadon, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1744 / 51°10'27"N

Longitude: -4.0839 / 4°5'2"W

OS Eastings: 254418.981742

OS Northings: 143753.624158

OS Grid: SS544437

Mapcode National: GBR KP.6C72

Mapcode Global: VH4MC.5RB1

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 520m and 620m east of Lynton Cross

Scheduled Date: 13 January 1955

Last Amended: 13 October 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017143

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32222

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Bittadon

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Bittadon St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument, which falls into two areas, includes three bowl barrows
situated on a high upland ridge overlooking the Sterridge Valley. They form
part of a large dispersed group of similar monuments which extend across this
upland ridge and are all the subject of several separate schedulings.
The three barrows all survive as circular mounds with their surrounding quarry
ditches being preserved as buried features. The northernmost mound measures
18.6m in diameter and is 0.4m high. It is surrounded by an approximately 2m
wide quarry ditch and partially underlies a field boundary on its western
side. The central mound measures 30.3m in diameter and 1.4m high and is
surrounded by an approximately 3m wide quarry ditch. The easternmost mound
measures 21.6m in diameter and 0.9m high. The quarry ditch, which is
approximately 2m wide, partially underlies a field boundary on the southern
side.
The field boundaries which cross the barrows to the west and south are
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The three bowl barrows 520m and 620m east of Lynton Cross form part of a
dispersed group of barrows along this prominent upland ridge. Despite
reduction in their heights through cultivation they survive comparatively well
and will contain both archaeological and environmental information relating to
the construction and use of the monument and the landscape in which it was
built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW2, (1982)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW27, (1982)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW3, (1982)

Source: Historic England

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