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Three bowl barrows 470m south west of Berry Down Cross, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Berry Down

A Scheduled Monument in Berrynarbor, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1724 / 51°10'20"N

Longitude: -4.0498 / 4°2'59"W

OS Eastings: 256797.120116

OS Northings: 143464.205548

OS Grid: SS567434

Mapcode National: GBR KR.6FVF

Mapcode Global: VH4MC.RSDL

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 470m south west of Berry Down Cross, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Berry Down

Scheduled Date: 26 November 1954

Last Amended: 10 October 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019262

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34251

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Berrynarbor

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Berrynarbor St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument, which falls into three separate areas of protection includes
three bowl barrows situated on a prominent upland ridge known as Berry Down,
overlooking the valley of a tributary to the River Yeo. These three barrows
form part of a round barrow cemetery, of which seven barrows survive in all.
The other barrows in the area which form part of the round barrow cemetery are
the subject of separate schedulings.
The northernmost barrow survives as a circular mound 22.2m in diameter and
0.7m high. It is surrounded by a quarry ditch from which material to construct
the mound was derived, which measures approximately 3m wide and is preserved
as a buried feature.
The western barrow is a circular mound 29.3m in diameter, 0.8m high and with a
buried quarry ditch approximately 3m wide. The eastern barrow measures 20.5m
in diameter, 0.6m high and is very stoney in nature, littered with quartz rich
rocks and with a slightly hollow top. This mound is surrounded by a buried
quarry ditch approximately 3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction in height through cultivation, the three bowl barrows
470m south west of Berry Down Cross survive comparatively well, and will
contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the barrows
and their surrounding landscape. They also form part of a round barrow
cemetery on Broad Down.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SE13, (1982)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SE6, (1981)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SE7, (1981)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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