Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow south-west of Uncleby Wold Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Kirby Underdale, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0242 / 54°1'27"N

Longitude: -0.7468 / 0°44'48"W

OS Eastings: 482198.116222

OS Northings: 459414.462871

OS Grid: SE821594

Mapcode National: GBR RP7X.36

Mapcode Global: WHFC2.H3MT

Entry Name: Round barrow south-west of Uncleby Wold Barn

Scheduled Date: 3 November 1958

Last Amended: 7 August 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017852

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21058

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Kirby Underdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirby Underdale All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow, situated 110 metres south-west of the
Uncleby Wold Barn farm, and which is part of a large and dispersed group of
barrows on the Wolds in this area. The mound is of earthen construction,
twenty-eight metres in diameter, and 0.9 metres high. In common with the
other barrows in this area, the original mound was surrounded by a ditch,
though this is not visible and now survives as a buried feature. Antiquarian
excavations in the nineteenth century showed that this mound was originally
constructed in the Bronze Age but was extended in the Saxon period to create a
burial mound for at least seventy-one individuals, who were buried with
associated grave goods.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

This barrow survives reasonably well, despite partial excavations in the
nineteenth century which confirmed that the original barrow had been
extensively re-used in the Anglo-Saxon period. Such re-use is rare in the
Yorkshire Wolds and significantly enhances the importance of the monument.
The barrow will retain further archaeological information, including evidence
for the manner in which the original barrow was extended and further burial
evidence. The mound is also associated with a number of other barrows in the
area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Greenwell, W , British Barrows, (1877), 136

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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