Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 250m north east of Painsthorpe Wold Cottages

A Scheduled Monument in Kirby Underdale, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0188 / 54°1'7"N

Longitude: -0.7392 / 0°44'21"W

OS Eastings: 482703.859601

OS Northings: 458818.283001

OS Grid: SE827588

Mapcode National: GBR RP8Z.R4

Mapcode Global: WHFC2.M76Z

Entry Name: Round barrow 250m north east of Painsthorpe Wold Cottages

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1958

Last Amended: 21 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008417

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21088

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Kirby Underdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirby Underdale All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow situated on Painsthorpe Wold.
The barrow mound has a diameter of 25m and survives to a height of 0.5m. The
mound has an uneven profile and falls away steeply on its western side.
Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was
excavated during the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound.
This has become in-filled over the years, but survives as a buried feature 3m
wide. This barrow is part of a wider group in the area and, like many of the
other nearby monuments, it was investigated by J R Mortimer in 1867. A circle
of flat stones was found beneath the mound with two inhumations on it. A
cremation, worked flints and a number of pot sherds were also recovered from
the mound.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial excavation this barrow survives reasonably well and will
retain significant evidence on its original construction and the burials
placed within it.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Clarke, D L, The Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland, (1970), 508
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 119-120
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 119
Other
4234, Humberside SMR (4234),

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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