Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 330m south east of Painsthorpe Wold Cottages

A Scheduled Monument in Kirby Underdale, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0162 / 54°0'58"N

Longitude: -0.7385 / 0°44'18"W

OS Eastings: 482754.874601

OS Northings: 458534.534931

OS Grid: SE827585

Mapcode National: GBR RQ80.X1

Mapcode Global: WHFC2.M9JY

Entry Name: Round barrow 330m south east of Painsthorpe Wold Cottages

Scheduled Date: 3 November 1958

Last Amended: 14 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008348

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21090

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Kirby Underdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirby Underdale All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow on Painsthorpe Wold, one of a
group of barrows in this area of the Wolds. The mound, constructed of soil and
chalk rubble, stands to a height of 2.5m and has a diameter of 33m.
Surrounding the mound there are still traces of the now much-silted ditch. The
ditch is so in-filled that it is now only 0.2m deep and is around 3m in width.
The barrow mound was opened by J R Mortimer in 1877, when a primary crouched
inhumation was found beneath the centre of the mound and three secondary
cremations were found within it.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance this barrow survives reasonably well and will
retain information on the manner and duration of its use. Unusually for this
area the surrounding ditch remains visible as an earthwork feature

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 121

Source: Historic England

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