Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 600m north east of Painsthorpe Wold Cottages

A Scheduled Monument in Thixendale, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0202 / 54°1'12"N

Longitude: -0.7344 / 0°44'3"W

OS Eastings: 483018.026931

OS Northings: 458984.242379

OS Grid: SE830589

Mapcode National: GBR RP9Y.TM

Mapcode Global: WHFC2.P6HW

Entry Name: Round barrow 600m north east of Painsthorpe Wold Cottages

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1958

Last Amended: 21 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008408

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21089

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Thixendale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirby Underdale All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow on Painsthorpe Wold. The
monument has been ploughed for many years and has been eroded so that it has a
spread and rounded shape. The barrow mound is 0.5m high and 23m in diameter.
Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was
excavated during the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound.
This has become in-filled over the years but survives as a buried feature 3m
wide. This barrow is one of a number of similar monuments in the area, and
like the others, was investigated by J R Mortimer in the 19th century, when a
number of worked flints, sling stones and a jet stud were found, but no
interments.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite ploughing, which has eroded the barrow mound, and partial excavation,
the monument still retains significant archaeological information about the
manner and duration of its usage and about the environment in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 119-120
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 120

Source: Historic England

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