Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Gallow Howe cairnfield, 270m east of Ivy Hall

A Scheduled Monument in Danby, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.4572 / 54°27'25"N

Longitude: -0.9512 / 0°57'4"W

OS Eastings: 468089.863804

OS Northings: 507372.295097

OS Grid: NZ680073

Mapcode National: GBR PJSX.V0

Mapcode Global: WHF8V.C78D

Entry Name: Gallow Howe cairnfield, 270m east of Ivy Hall

Scheduled Date: 3 November 1970

Last Amended: 29 April 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017830

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30139

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Danby

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Westerdale Christ Church

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric
cairnfield, located on Castleton Rigg, just west of the Castleton to
Hutton-Le-Hole road.
Gallow Howe cairnfield includes a scatter of at least nine grassed over cairns
up to 0.5m high and 7m in diameter, two of which are marked as tumuli (burial
mounds) on Ordnance Survey maps. The whole group lies to the east of and
above a small stone quarry, and is centred about 100m SSW of the site of
Gallow Howe round barrow, excavated in the 19th century. The northern of the
two cairns marked as tumuli is 7m by 5m rising to 0.5m high at its southern
end. About 25m to its west there are a pair of low mounds 9m apart, both about
3m in diameter and 0.3m high, and a further 20m WSW, just east of the northern
edge of the quarry, there is a 6m diameter crescent shaped cairn which faces
northwards. The southern cairn marked by the Ordnance Survey is round, but
smaller, 4m in diameter and 0.3m high. A lower mound, 2m in diameter, lies 10m
to the south west. Just north east of a boundary stone to the south of this
pair of cairns there is a circular mound 5m in diameter and 0.4m high. Just
east of the top of the quarry, about 25m west of this circular cairn, there is
an elongated, irregular cairn 5m long, rising to 0.5m high. A further slight
circular mound 2m in diameter lies between this irregular cairn and the
boundary stone to the east.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture,
and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots.
However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without
excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials.
Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC),
although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance
which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze
Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size,
content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the
development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the
prehistoric period.

Gallow Howe cairnfield is a surviving remnant of the prehistoric field system
which is believed to have originally covered much of Castleton Rigg. The
cairns will overlie and preserve prehistoric soil horizons which will provide
information about the local environment. The monument's importance is
heightened by the survival of another group of cairns and larger burial mounds
downhill and 650m to the west. This group, north of Carr House, is the subject
of a separate scheduling.

Source: Historic England


Walkover survey record in NP SMR, White, R, (1989)

Source: Historic England

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