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Five bowl barrows 490m and 500m north west of Bussock Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Sutton, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0613 / 52°3'40"N

Longitude: 1.3966 / 1°23'47"E

OS Eastings: 632929.462011

OS Northings: 245774.988988

OS Grid: TM329457

Mapcode National: GBR WQN.RX8

Mapcode Global: VHM8D.5G53

Entry Name: Five bowl barrows 490m and 500m north west of Bussock Barn

Scheduled Date: 23 January 1968

Last Amended: 16 January 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017631

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21393

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Sutton

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Sutton All Saints

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

Details

The monument, which is in two separate areas of protection, includes a group
of five bowl barrows located near the edge of a short, south-facing spur in an
area of sandy heathland. The barrows are visible as earthen mounds, circular
in plan and of varying size. Three of them are closely spaced on an
approximately north-south alignment within the remains of a small plantation.
At the southern end of the alignment is the largest of the mounds, which
stands to a height of approximately 1.2m and covers an area approximately 25m
in diameter. Immediately NNW of this is the second mound, measuring
approximately 13m in diameter and 0.6m in height. The third mound lies 9.5m to
the north of the second and has the same dimensions. All three mounds are
thought to be encircled by ditches, estimated to be 3m in width, from which
earth was quarried during the construction of the barrows. These ditches have
become completely infilled and are no longer visible, but will survive as
buried features.

The fourth and fifth barrow mounds are located approximately 35m to the east
of the first group and are 3.5m apart, lying just outside the boundary of the
plantation. Both are small in size relative to the first three, one measuring
8m in diameter and 0.7m in height, and the other, to the south east of it,
measuring 7m in diameter and 0.6m in height. These mounds, also, are believed
to be encircled by buried ditches, estimated to be 2m in width.

A bank up to 0.7m in height and slight outer ditch, visible along part of the
northern edge of the plantation, are thought to be remains of a woodbank
around the plantation and therefore of much later date than the barrows. These
earthworks, which have an overall width of about 6m, touch the northern edge
of the northernmost of the first group of barrows tangentially and, where they
do so, a contiguous length measuring approximately 22m WNW-ESE is included in
the scheduling to preserve the relationship between the features.

The buried remains of what is considered to be another prehistoric round
barrow cemetery, displaying evidence for barrows of varying size and
construction and associated ceremonial enclosures, have been recorded by means
of aerial photography 1km to the south west, in the neighbouring parish of
Shottisham, and are the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

These five bowl barrows north west of Bussock Barn survive well, both
individually and as a group. Archaeological information concerning their
construction, the manner and duration of their use, and their
inter-relationship, as well as evidence for the local environment at that
time, will be contained in the mounds, the infill of the ditches, and in soils
buried beneath the mounds. The proximity of the monument to the remains of
what is believed to be another prehistoric barrow cemetery, including evidence
for round barrows of varying type and construction, give it additional
interest.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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