Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow in Rendlesham Forest, 1300m west of Valley Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Boyton, Suffolk

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Latitude: 52.0698 / 52°4'11"N

Longitude: 1.432 / 1°25'55"E

OS Eastings: 635313.512397

OS Northings: 246825.035919

OS Grid: TM353468

Mapcode National: GBR WQQ.8VC

Mapcode Global: VHM8D.R7XN

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in Rendlesham Forest, 1300m west of Valley Farm

Scheduled Date: 5 March 1971

Last Amended: 14 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008697

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21253

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Boyton

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Boyton St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich


The monument includes a bowl barrow set on the edge of a slope overlooking
Scotland Fens and The Tang to the north-east. The barrow has an earthen mound
covering an area 17m in diameter and standing to a maximum height of 1.2m.
The mound was probably once encircled by a ditch from which soil was dug and
used in its construction. If so, this has become infilled and no trace of it
is now visible on the ground surface. Evidence of such a ditch has, however,
been noted in association with other barrow mounds in the surrounding area.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although forestry work has resulted in some disturbance of the surface of the
mound, the barrow 1300m west of Valley Farm otherwise survives well. Evidence
of the manner in which the barrow was constructed and used, of the duration of
its use, and also of the local environment, prior to and at the time of its
construction, will survive in the mound and in the soils buried beneath it.
The significance of the monument is enhanced by the fact that it is one of at
least three bowl barrows which survive in the area, the closest being 160m to
the north-west.

Source: Historic England

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