Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 250m south-west of Tangham Cottages in Tangham Forest

A Scheduled Monument in Hollesley, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0779 / 52°4'40"N

Longitude: 1.4202 / 1°25'12"E

OS Eastings: 634462.450733

OS Northings: 247696.55107

OS Grid: TM344476

Mapcode National: GBR WQH.RVY

Mapcode Global: VHM8D.K1PC

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 250m south-west of Tangham Cottages in Tangham Forest

Scheduled Date: 17 April 1979

Last Amended: 26 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013879

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21252

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Hollesley

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Boyton St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which consists of an earthen mound and an
encircling ditch. The barrow mound covers an area 17m in diameter and stands
to a maximum height of 1m. The surrounding ditch, from which earth was dug and
used in the construction of the mound, has for the most part become filled-in,
but survives as a buried feature and is visible on the south-east side of the
mound as a slight depression measuring 4m wide and 0.25m deep. In 1987 two
sherds of Bronze Age pottery were found in the soil cast up from a recent
trench 2.7m long, 0.9m wide and 1.2m deep which had been dug without consent
into the summit of the mound. This trench has now been refilled.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although the barrow south-west of Tangham Cottages is known to have suffered
limited damage by the digging of a trench in recent years, the scale of
disturbance is small in relation to the monument as a whole, which retains
considerable archaeological information. Evidence of the manner in which the
barrow was constructed and used, of the duration of its use, and also of the
local environment, prior to and at the time of its construction, will survive
in the mound itself, in the soils buried beneath the mound and in the fill of
the surrounding ditch. The importance of this monument is enhanced by the
fact that it is one of at least three barrows which survive within a distance
of approximately 1km.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Martin E A, Suffolk SMR CSA 002, (1987)
Ordnance Survey, TM 34 NW 1, (1962)

Source: Historic England

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