Ancient Monuments

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Carved rock north of Washbeck Green, 570m south of Haythwaite, Barningham Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Barningham, County Durham

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4726 / 54°28'21"N

Longitude: -1.9111 / 1°54'39"W

OS Eastings: 405860.057317

OS Northings: 508582.692628

OS Grid: NZ058085

Mapcode National: GBR HJ3Q.1G

Mapcode Global: WHB4S.MV53

Entry Name: Carved rock north of Washbeck Green, 570m south of Haythwaite, Barningham Moor

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017443

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30481

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Barningham

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham

Church of England Parish: Barningham St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a carved sandstone rock, covered in heather. The visible
part measures 1.3m by 0.8m by 0.4m. It is situated on Barningham Moor, at the
base of the slope north of Washbeck Green. It is 28m east of a track. An
accurate National Grid Reference is NZ 05860 08580.
The carving is on the norh face of the rock, and consists of between two and
four grooves, one of the grooves having a cup in it.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Pecked lines or grooves can
also exist in isolation from cup and ring decoration. Other shapes and
patterns also occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in
small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the
Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our
most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the
designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious
symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes numerous other
prehistoric carved rocks and evidence for prehistoric burials, settlements and
the agricultural use of the land. This site will therefore contribute to
studies of such prehistoric landscapes and the changing patterns of land use
over time.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Carved rock on Barningham Moor, Laurie, T, (1997)

Source: Historic England

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