Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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A cairn, east of Scale Knoll Allotment, 260m south west of Haythwaite, Barningham Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Barningham, County Durham

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Latitude: 54.4752 / 54°28'30"N

Longitude: -1.9139 / 1°54'49"W

OS Eastings: 405677.244933

OS Northings: 508873.279243

OS Grid: NZ056088

Mapcode National: GBR HJ2P.FJ

Mapcode Global: WHB4S.KSV3

Entry Name: A cairn, east of Scale Knoll Allotment, 260m south west of Haythwaite, Barningham Moor

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017438

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30476

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Barningham

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham

Church of England Parish: Barningham St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a cairn, 5m in diameter. It is situated on Barningham
Moor, east of the modern sheep-grazing enclosure known as Scale Knoll
Allotment. It is on a prominent knoll. An accurate National Grid Reference is
NZ 05669 08875.
The cairn is composed of sandstone rubble. Although some stones have been
robbed it still survives to a height of 0.2m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The cairn 260m south west of Haythwaite has been disturbed, but it retains
evidence of its form and location. It forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes numerous prehistoric
carved rocks and evidence for prehistoric burials, settlements and the
agricultural use of the land. This site will therefore contribute to studies
of prehistoric burial practices and changing land use.

Source: Historic England

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