Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 300m west of Church Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Naunton, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.9075 / 51°54'27"N

Longitude: -1.8526 / 1°51'9"W

OS Eastings: 410235.71589

OS Northings: 223231.684764

OS Grid: SP102232

Mapcode National: GBR 3NS.6G4

Mapcode Global: VHB1T.TBY1

Entry Name: Round barrow 300m west of Church Farm

Scheduled Date: 11 February 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017338

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32354

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Naunton

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Guiting Power St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which lies immediately below the crest of
an east-west ridge in the Cotswolds. The barrow mound measures 25m in diameter
and is 0.6m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was
excavated during the construction of the barrow. This is no longer visible at
ground level, but will survive as a buried feature about 3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The round barrow 300m west of Church Farm survives well, despite some
disturbance from ploughing. The barrow mound will contain evidence for primary
and secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information
about prehistoric funerary practices and the size of the local community at
that time. The barrow mound will also preserve environmental information
in the buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the
barrow and giving an insight into the landscape in which the monument was
set. In addition the mound and its surrounding ditch will contain
environmental evidence in the form of organic remains, which will relate both
to the barrow and the wider landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 115

Source: Historic England

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