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Lower Harford medieval settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Naunton, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.9002 / 51°54'0"N

Longitude: -1.8122 / 1°48'43"W

OS Eastings: 413017.979051

OS Northings: 222427.36222

OS Grid: SP130224

Mapcode National: GBR 4Q4.YF5

Mapcode Global: VHB1V.JHTM

Entry Name: Lower Harford medieval settlement

Scheduled Date: 15 July 1948

Last Amended: 24 July 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018528

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28853

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Naunton

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Naunton St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes a medieval settlement on the lower slopes of a north
east facing hillside in the Cotswolds.
The settlement includes earthworks indicating the sites of houses and other
village features. On the higher ground are scarps which are levelled into the
hillside to provide building platforms along the length of the settlement.
Other occupational areas are concentrated at the south end of the settlement
where there is a holloway running north east-south west which has six house
platforms flanking it. On the lower ground there are water management features
which take advantage of overspill from the river. These water management
features follow the line of the river along the valley bottom and include, at
the north end of the settlement, two channels which drain water from the
higher slopes into the flat valley bottom, where there is a water meadow. At
the south end is a pond 16m square with water channels running to it.
Documentary evidence indicates that the village had seven inhabitants in 1086,
but only two by 1327.
A number of features are excluded from the scheduling; these are the lean-to
building which is a barn and store in the west corner of the field, post and
wire fences and cotswold stone walls which are part of the field boundaries,
and wood and metal gates; the ground beneath all these features is, however,
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity
in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains
needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been
divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive
mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided
into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have
gradually evolved during the last 1500 years or more.
This monument lies in the Cotswold Scarp and Vales sub-Province of the Central
Province, a scarp and vale landscape extending south eastwards from the clays
and alluvium of the Severn Plain, over the limestones of the Cotswolds to the
Oxford Clay Vale. Villages and hamlets concentrate thickly in the Severn
Valley and the Vale of Pewsey, but are only moderately dense elsewhere. They
are most thinly scattered on the higher ridge of the north east Cotswolds, an
area where in 1851 there were low populations and frequent deserted villages.
Overall, there are very low concentrations of dispersed farmsteads, the only
exceptions being the Vale of Pewsey and the Upper Avon and Thames watershed.
The Windrush-Coln-Thames Valley local region is similar to areas to the north
and east in having very low densities of scattered dwellings; but it differs
from them in also having widely spaced villages and hamlets. At the same time,
there is less evidence here of medieval village depopulation than there is in
adjacent regions.

The medieval settlement of Lower Harford is a good example of a nucleated
medieval settlement in this sub-province. It has prominant earthworks which
mark the locations of village and water management features. The earthworks
will contain archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to
the settlement and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SMR No 94, Gloucester C. C. SMR,

Source: Historic England

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