Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 760m south of Roel Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Hawling, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.9152 / 51°54'54"N

Longitude: -1.8938 / 1°53'37"W

OS Eastings: 407403.245

OS Northings: 224084.761978

OS Grid: SP074240

Mapcode National: GBR 3NJ.VD7

Mapcode Global: VHB1T.4463

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 760m south of Roel Farm

Scheduled Date: 13 October 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017077

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32379

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Hawling

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the crest of a hill in the
Cotswolds, 760m south of Roel Farm. The barrow mound measures 36m in diameter
and is 0.3m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was
excavated during the construction of the barrow. The ditch is no longer
visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years, but survives
as a buried feature about 3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 760m south of Roel Farm survives reasonably well despite some
disturbance by cultivation, and the mound will contain evidence for primary
and secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information
about prehistoric funerary practices and about the size of the local community
at that time. The barrow mound will also preserve environmental information in
the buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrow
and giving an insight into the landscape in which the monument was set. In
addition the mound and its surrounding ditch will also contain environmental
evidence in the form of organic material, which will relate both to the barrow
and the wider landscape.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 118

Source: Historic England

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