Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 740m south west of Southdown Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Sevenhampton, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8941 / 51°53'38"N

Longitude: -1.9208 / 1°55'14"W

OS Eastings: 405545.4339

OS Northings: 221726.161725

OS Grid: SP055217

Mapcode National: GBR 3NW.75L

Mapcode Global: VHB1S.NNDC

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 740m south west of Southdown Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 13 October 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017038

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32369

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Sevenhampton

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Hawling St Edward

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows oriented north east to south west lying
just below the crest of a hill in the Cotswolds, 740m south west of Southdown
Farm. The northern barrow mound measures 14m in diameter and is about 0.3m
high and the southern mound has a diameter of 25m and is 0.7m high.
Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was excavated during the
construction of the barrow. These ditches are no longer visible at ground
level, having become infilled over the years, but survive as buried features
between 2m and 3m wide.
The two barrows are the only survivors from a group of six barrows known to
have existed at The Waste, many of which were largely destroyed for road
material in the 1860s. One of them was found to contain a central cist with
the remains of seven individuals interred in the Neolithic tradition. In 1931
one of the three remaining barrows was destroyed and large stone slabs from it
were sold for the rock garden at Battledown Manor; a skull was also found when
the mound was opened. The site of the six barrows was referred to as `the
heathen burial place' in a charter of AD 816.
The post and wire fence which borders the barrow on its east side is excluded
from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although they have suffered some disturbance in the past, the two bowl barrows
740m south west of Southdown Farm survive well and lie within an area of
significant prehistoric activity, with a number of bowl barrows lying within a
2km radius. The mounds will contain evidence for primary and secondary
burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information about
prehistoric funerary practices and about the size of the local community at
that time. The barrow mounds will also preserve environmental information in
the buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrows
and providing an insight into the landscape in which the monuments were set.
In addition the mounds and their surrounding ditches will contain
environmental evidence in the form of organic remains, which will relate both
to the barrows and the wider landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 118

Source: Historic England

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