Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 250m south east of Greenfield Hill Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Guiting Power, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.9187 / 51°55'7"N

Longitude: -1.8787 / 1°52'43"W

OS Eastings: 408441.868

OS Northings: 224465.213502

OS Grid: SP084244

Mapcode National: GBR 3NJ.RTQ

Mapcode Global: VHB1T.D16H

Entry Name: Round barrow 250m south east of Greenfield Hill Barn

Scheduled Date: 13 May 1959

Last Amended: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016507

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31940

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Guiting Power

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Guiting Power St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow on the crest of a hill in the Cotswolds.
The barrow mound, measuring 23m in diameter and 1.5m in height, is surrounded
by a ditch which has been revealed by excavation to be about 3m in width.
A resistivity survey undertaken over the entire mound in 1992, revealed that
it contained a rubble ring about 15m in diameter surrounding a clay core. The
barrow was subsequently partially excavated between July and October 1996
by Dr Alistair Marshall on behalf of the Guiting Manor Amenity Trust. Much of
the mound was removed during the course of these excavations, although a
rectangular area was retained in order to preserve in situ a proportion of the
archaeological deposits forming the mound. These excavations revealed evidence
for the original ground surface, along with the burnt base of the funeral pyre
through which a shallow pit had been dug to form the base of the mound. Within
the barrow itself the cremated remains of an adult male were found, along with
some animal bones but no other evidence for grave goods. The barrow was built
up over these remains using clay from the surrounding area which was then
surrounded by the rubble revetting ring, about 15m in diameter and 2m wide. A
second burial containing the cremated remains of at least one adult and
probably a child was found to have been dug into the side of the mound at a
later date.
The area of the excavation was backfilled in September 1997 and minor
reshaping was undertaken aimed to bring the barrow as close as possible to its
form prior to excavation.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although the barrow has been partially excavated, a proportion has been
reserved. In addition only a small portion of the surrounding ditch was
excavated, and this along with the undisturbed section of the barrow will
provide archaeological information and environmetal evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Parry, C, Guiting Power 1 Round Barrow: Report on mound re-shaping works, (1997)
Marshall, A J, 'Trans. Bristol and Glos. Arch. Society' in Guiting Power 1 Round Barrow, , Vol. CXI, (1993), 215
Other
Marshall, AJ, Guiting Power 1 Round Barrow: Interim summary of the excavation, 1997,

Source: Historic England

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