Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow, known as Woad round barrow, 450m north east of Cutsdeanhill Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Temple Guiting, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.9746 / 51°58'28"N

Longitude: -1.8386 / 1°50'18"W

OS Eastings: 411184.144848

OS Northings: 230687.68

OS Grid: SP111306

Mapcode National: GBR 3N0.3ZK

Mapcode Global: VHB1G.2MWN

Entry Name: Bowl barrow, known as Woad round barrow, 450m north east of Cutsdeanhill Barn

Scheduled Date: 15 March 1948

Last Amended: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016837

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32342

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Temple Guiting

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Temple Guiting St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a bowl barrow known as Woad round barrow, standing on
the crest of a hill in the Cotswolds, 450m north east of Cutsdeanhill Barn.
The barrow mound measures 26m in diameter and is 1.2m high and is surrounded
by a ditch which has become infilled over the years and can no longer be seen
at ground level. The ditch will, however, survive as a buried feature about 3m
It is thought that the barrow may be the `Wad Bearch' or `Barrow where woad
grows' which is mentionned in a charter of AD 974. In 1979 24 sherds of Roman
pottery, including between two and four small fragments of Samian ware, were
found near the round barrow by the Ordnance Survey.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 450m north east of Cutsdeanhill Barn survives well as a
prominent visible mound. The mound will contain evidence for primary and
secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information
about the ways in which prehistoric peoples buried their dead and about the
size of the local community at that time. The mound will also preserve
environmental information in the buried ground surface, predating the
construction of the barrow and giving an insight into the landscape in which
the monument was set. The mound and its surrounding ditch will also contain
environmental evidence in the form of organic remains, which will relate both
to the barrow and the landscape within which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 42; 111
Rawes, B and Rawes, B, A Listing of Romano-British finds from in and around Glos., (1995)

Source: Historic England

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