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Bell barrow 650m north west of Lots Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Temple Guiting, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.9552 / 51°57'18"N

Longitude: -1.8437 / 1°50'37"W

OS Eastings: 410835.23437

OS Northings: 228537.309527

OS Grid: SP108285

Mapcode National: GBR 3N6.8PW

Mapcode Global: VHB1N.034Y

Entry Name: Bell barrow 650m north west of Lots Barn

Scheduled Date: 25 February 1948

Last Amended: 20 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011983

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22920

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Temple Guiting

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Temple Guiting St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow situated in the Cotswolds, on the upper
part of a gentle south facing slope with views across valleys to the south,
west and east.
The barrow, which is sometimes known as Bevans Quarry round barrow, is
situated within an area known as Barrow Field and was partially excavated by
H E O`Neil in 1964. The barrow had a central mound 3.5m in diameter and
c.0.6m high, composed of turf and partially covered with stone slabs. Within
the body of the mound were two human cremations and, underlying the mound, a
rock-cut pit which contained an earlier human cremation and an ash deposit.
The turf mound was bordered by a clay bank up to 3.8m in width, c.0.6m high
and also partially overlain by stone slabs. The clay bank contained a further
three human cremations.
Other finds from within the body of the mound include a fragment of a polished
stone axe, five flint scrapers and a flint knife dating from the Bronze Age,
several sherds of Bronze Age bucket urns and two Roman coins dating from the
fourth century AD. Surrounding the clay bank was a berm or gently sloping
platform 6m wide. This was surrounded by a ditch from which material was
quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at
ground level, as it has become infilled over the years, but it is known from
excavation to survive as a buried feature at least 3m wide. Later reuse of
the site is suggested by the recovery of six sherds of Roman pottery from the
upper silts of the ditch during the excavations in 1964.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in
round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds
covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The
burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery
and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows
(particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known
examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods
provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early
prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a
particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would
normally be considered to be of national importance.

The bell barrow 650m north west of Lots Barn survives comparatively well and
is known from partial excavation to contain archaeological and environmental
evidence relating to the monument, the landscape in which it was constructed,
and its later reuse.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, 'Trans of Bristol and Gloucester Arch Soc' in Bevan`s Quarry Round Barrow, Temple Guiting, , Vol. 86, (1967), 16-40
O`Neil, H E, 'Trans of Bristol and Gloucester Arch Soc' in Bevan`s Quarry Round Barrow, Temple Guiting, , Vol. 86, (1967), 16-17
O`Neil, H E, 'Trans of Bristol and Gloucester Arch Soc' in Bevan`s Quarry Round Barrow, Temple Guiting, , Vol. 86, (1967), 17-18
O`Neil, H E, 'Trans of Bristol and Gloucester Arch Soc' in Bevan`s Quarry Round Barrow, Temple Guiting, , Vol. 86, (1967), 16-40
O`Neil, H E, 'Trans of Bristol and Gloucester Arch Soc' in Bevan`s Quarry Round Barrow, Temple Guiting, , Vol. 86, (1967), 16-40
O`Neil, H E, 'Trans of Bristol and Gloucester Arch Soc' in Bevan`s Quarry Round Barrow, Temple Guiting, , Vol. 86, (1967), 16-40
O`Neil, H E, 'Trans of Bristol and Gloucester Arch Soc' in Bevan`s Quarry Round Barrow, Temple Guiting, , Vol. 86, (1967), 16-40

Source: Historic England

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