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Bowl barrow 900m south east of Bemborough Farm; part of the Bemborough Farm round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Temple Guiting, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.9347 / 51°56'4"N

Longitude: -1.8355 / 1°50'7"W

OS Eastings: 411406.781742

OS Northings: 226256.279842

OS Grid: SP114262

Mapcode National: GBR 3ND.QRH

Mapcode Global: VHB1N.4MHQ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 900m south east of Bemborough Farm; part of the Bemborough Farm round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 25 February 1948

Last Amended: 8 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008799

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22901

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Temple Guiting

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Temple Guiting St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow forming part of a wider round barrow
cemetery, situated on a gently sloping plateau 900m south east of Bemborough
Farm, in an area of the Cotswold Hills.
The barrow has a mound composed of small stones; it has a maximum diameter of
20m and stands c.1.8m high. The visible extent of the mound has been reduced
by ploughing to 15m from east to west. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has
become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
The barrow is one of two monuments which occur as outliers to a round barrow
cemetery.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite levelling of one area of the mound, the bowl barrow 900m south east of
Bemborough Farm survives well as part of a wider round barrow cemetery. The
barrow will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Society' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. 179, (1959), 134

Source: Historic England

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