Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 990m south east of Bemborough Farm: part of the Bemborough Farm round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Temple Guiting, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.9357 / 51°56'8"N

Longitude: -1.8328 / 1°49'58"W

OS Eastings: 411588.62473

OS Northings: 226366.884822

OS Grid: SP115263

Mapcode National: GBR 3ND.RF8

Mapcode Global: VHB1N.5LXY

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 990m south east of Bemborough Farm: part of the Bemborough Farm round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 7 May 1948

Last Amended: 24 April 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020654

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22905

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Temple Guiting

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Temple Guiting St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a bowl barrow, forming part of a wider round barrow
cemetery, situated on a gentle south-facing slope in an area of the
Cotswold Hills.
The barrow was first identified by H E O`Neil in 1937 and was also
recorded by L V Grinsell in 1959. It has a mound composed of small stones,
with a maximum diameter of 12m and a maximum height of about 0.2m. This is
surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument. This ditch has become infilled over the
years but survives as a buried feature about 2m wide.
The barrow represents an outlier of a group of six round barrows which
form the Bemborough Farm round barrow cemetery.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite ploughing, the bowl barrow 990m south east of Bemborough Farm will
contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery
and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, (1960), 134
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, (1960), 134

Source: Historic England

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