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Taddington medieval settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Stanway, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.9795 / 51°58'46"N

Longitude: -1.8727 / 1°52'21"W

OS Eastings: 408836.008992

OS Northings: 231231.932182

OS Grid: SP088312

Mapcode National: GBR 3MS.TLJ

Mapcode Global: VHB1F.HH9W

Entry Name: Taddington medieval settlement

Scheduled Date:

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002077

English Heritage Legacy ID: GC 472

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Stanway

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Toddington, Stanway and Didbrook and Hailes

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Summary

Deserted medieval village at Taddington, 170m east of Manor Farm.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 28 September 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a deserted medieval village situated on the western bank and floodplain of the River Windrush to the north and east of the current settlement. The deserted medieval village of Taddington survives as an extensive series of earthworks including a farmstead of several buildings and enclosures and at least seven building platforms, a hollow way, possible mill leat, possible windmill mound, and significant amounts of ridge and furrow all surviving as scarps and banks up to 0.7m high and as partially buried ditches. There is some speculation that a nearby current barn was once the church which was recorded as still being in use in 1545. The village was recorded as a relatively large settlement at the time of Domesday. At some point following its abandonment a later rectangular stock enclosure was constructed over some of the village remains, which is also now disused.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The village, comprising a small group of houses, gardens, yards, streets, paddocks, often with a green, a manor and a church, and with a community devoted primarily to agriculture, was a significant component of the rural landscape in most areas of medieval England, much as it is today. Villages provided some services to the local community and acted as the main focal point of ecclesiastical, and often of manorial, administration within each parish. Although the sites of many of these villages have been occupied continuously down to the present day, many others declined in size or were abandoned throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods, particularly during the 14th and 15th centuries. As a result over 2000 deserted medieval villages are recorded nationally. The reasons for desertion were varied but often reflected declining economic viability, changes in land use such as enclosure or emparkment, or population fluctuations as a result of widespread epidemics such as the Black Death. As a consequence of their abandonment these villages are frequently undisturbed by later occupation and contain well-preserved archaeological deposits. Because they are a common and long-lived monument type in most parts of England, they provide important information on the diversity of medieval settlement patterns and farming economy between the regions and through time.

The deserted medieval village at Taddington survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, longevity, social organisation, agricultural practices, industrial activity, domestic arrangements, economic and political significance, abandonment and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape 328170

Source: Historic England

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