Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 540m north of Woodbine Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Stockton, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1153 / 51°6'54"N

Longitude: -2.0686 / 2°4'6"W

OS Eastings: 395295.271105

OS Northings: 135109.700997

OS Grid: ST952351

Mapcode National: GBR 2XT.5T8

Mapcode Global: VHB5L.378C

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 540m north of Woodbine Barn

Scheduled Date: 12 July 1966

Last Amended: 17 April 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015943

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26830

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Stockton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Fonthill Bishop with Berwick St Leonard All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow, lying immediately below the crest of a
ridge to the south of Fonthill Bushes.
The barrow has a mound approximately 20m in diameter which survives to a
maximum height of 0.7m. The margins of the mound have been eroded by
cultivation resulting in its present sub-rectangular shape. Surrounding the
mound is a ditch from which material for its construction was quarried. This
is no longer visible on the surface but will survive as a buried feature 3m
In 1860 the barrow was partly excavated by a Mr Thornbury who found what may
have been the primary burial, a cremation in a Middle Bronze Age urn
accompanied by a flat bronze dagger.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 540m north of Woodbine Barn is, despite erosion caused by
cultivation, a comparatively well preserved example of its class. Part
excavation has demonstrated the date of the barrow which will contain
archaeological remains providing further information about Bronze Age beliefs,
economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

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