Ancient Monuments

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Long barrow in Barrow Clump, Stockton Down

A Scheduled Monument in Sherrington, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1379 / 51°8'16"N

Longitude: -2.0505 / 2°3'1"W

OS Eastings: 396564.899279

OS Northings: 137624.042281

OS Grid: ST965376

Mapcode National: GBR 2XG.QD3

Mapcode Global: VHB5D.DNVK

Entry Name: Long barrow in Barrow Clump, Stockton Down

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1925

Last Amended: 6 February 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012047

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12299

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Sherrington

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Middle Wylye Valley

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a long barrow set on high ground above the Wylye Valley.
The barrow mound is ovoid in plan and orientated NNE-SSW. It has dimensions
of 32m long, 14m wide and stands to a height of 1.5m. Although no longer
visible at ground level ditches, from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument, flank the mound to the east and west. These
have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features c.3m
across.
The site was partially excavated by Colt-Hoare and Cunnington in the 19th
century. Finds included the burials of three adults and a youth as well as
the skull of a fifth person. They also found a stone cist or box, 1m deep and
filled with flints and marl.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and
one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the
country. The Barrow Clump long barrow is important as, despite partial
excavation in the 19th century, it survives comparatively well and has
potential for the recovery of further archaeological remains in addition to
environmental evidence relating to the period in which the monument was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

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