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Bowl barrow 500m north east of Clandon Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Winterborne St. Martin, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.703 / 50°42'10"N

Longitude: -2.4757 / 2°28'32"W

OS Eastings: 366501.993081

OS Northings: 89366.549777

OS Grid: SY665893

Mapcode National: GBR PX.M9HX

Mapcode Global: FRA 57P7.59Y

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 500m north east of Clandon Farm

Scheduled Date: 28 July 1958

Last Amended: 11 July 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015780

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28389

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterborne St. Martin

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Winterbournes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a chalk ridge, overlooking the
Frome Valley to the north. The barrow forms part of a wider cemetery of five
round barrows, situated adjacent to an earlier Neolithic long barrow, 500m
north of Maiden Castle.
The barrow has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint with maximum
dimensions of 42m in diameter and c.0.7m in height. The mound is surrounded by
a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. The ditch is no longer visible, as it has become infilled over the
years, but it will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.
The barrow was partly excavated by Edward Cunnington in 1883.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field
boundary, although the underlying ground is included in each case.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite some reduction by ploughing, the bowl barrow 500m north east of
Clandon Farm survives comparatively well and is known from part excavation
to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument
and the landscape in which it was constructed. This forms part of one of three
round barrow cemeteries recorded in the vicinity of Maiden Castle.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 465

Source: Historic England

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