Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 360m south west of Clandon Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Winterborne St. Martin, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6992 / 50°41'56"N

Longitude: -2.4865 / 2°29'11"W

OS Eastings: 365739.564528

OS Northings: 88948.158001

OS Grid: SY657889

Mapcode National: GBR PX.MDLF

Mapcode Global: FRA 57P7.751

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 360m south west of Clandon Farm

Scheduled Date: 11 July 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015782

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28391

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterborne St. Martin

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Winterbournes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a chalk ridge, overlooking the
Frome Valley to the north and the South Winterborne Valley to the south. The
barrow has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint with maximum dimensions
of 38m in diameter and c.0.65m in height. The mound is known from aerial
photographs to be associated with a double ditch from which material was
quarried during the construction of the monument. These ditches are no longer
visible, as they have become infilled over the years and covered by the mound
which has been spread, both will survive as buried features c.3m wide, beneath
the spread of the mound.
The barrow was partly excavated by E Cunnington in 1883, when Beaker pottery,
three cremation burials and ten inhumation burials were recovered.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some reduction by ploughing, the bowl barrow 360m south west of
Clandon Farm survives comparatively well and is known from part excavation to
contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed. The double ditch associated with
the barrow represents an unusual feature.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 471

Source: Historic England

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