Ancient Monuments

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The Clandon Barrow, 450m west of Clandon Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Winterborne St. Martin, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6996 / 50°41'58"N

Longitude: -2.488 / 2°29'16"W

OS Eastings: 365628.541749

OS Northings: 89001.744017

OS Grid: SY656890

Mapcode National: GBR PX.MD53

Mapcode Global: FRA 57P7.6JX

Entry Name: The Clandon Barrow, 450m west of Clandon Farm

Scheduled Date: 28 July 1958

Last Amended: 11 July 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015781

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28390

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterborne St. Martin

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Winterbournes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a chalk ridge, overlooking the
Frome Valley to the north.
The barrow, which is known as the Clandon Barrow, has a mound composed of
earth, chalk and flint with maximum dimensions of 30m in diameter and c.3m in
height. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible, having
become infilled over the years, but it will survive as a buried feature c.3m
wide.
The barrow was partly excavated by Cunnington in 1882, when a cremation burial
within an urn, a copper dagger, shale mace head, bronze ring and gold plate
were all recovered. The excavations did not extend to the primary burial. The
finds from the excavation are now held in the Dorset County Museum.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field
boundary, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The Clandon Barrow, 450m west of Clandon Farm, survives well and is known from
part excavation to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating
to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 471

Source: Historic England

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