Ancient Monuments

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Cup and ring marked rock in Dawson Wood, 370m north east of Heaton Shay

A Scheduled Monument in Heaton, Bradford

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.8256 / 53°49'32"N

Longitude: -1.7941 / 1°47'38"W

OS Eastings: 413647.446176

OS Northings: 436608.354558

OS Grid: SE136366

Mapcode National: GBR J86.B6

Mapcode Global: WHC98.D3WL

Entry Name: Cup and ring marked rock in Dawson Wood, 370m north east of Heaton Shay

Scheduled Date: 14 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015616

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29117

County: Bradford

Electoral Ward/Division: Heaton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Shipley St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, 2m by 1.6m. It is situated in
Shipley, on Northcliffe Golf Course, in Dawson Wood, at the top of a slope
leading down to a stream. An accurate National Grid Reference is SE 13642
36608.
The carving consists of two cups, one of which has part of a ring. The other
markings are possibly natural.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of the Shipley area, being an outlier from the main
concentration of carved rocks on Baildon Moor

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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