Ancient Monuments

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Carved rock in field behind Bracken Hall Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Baildon, Bradford

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.8484 / 53°50'54"N

Longitude: -1.8009 / 1°48'3"W

OS Eastings: 413194.838552

OS Northings: 439152.36923

OS Grid: SE131391

Mapcode National: GBR HRVY.X5

Mapcode Global: WHC92.9JNK

Entry Name: Carved rock in field behind Bracken Hall Farm

Scheduled Date: 29 December 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009717

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25256

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Baildon

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Baildon St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a flat gritstone carved rock 1.3m x 1.05m x 0.17m on
the edge of a current watercourse in a field north of Bracken Hall Farm.
The carving is on the upper surface, near the south west corner of the rock,
and consists of a shallow cup surrounded by a wide, shallow, roughly pecked
and uneven ring.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between
the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of
rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich
in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock
carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered
across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed
settlements are also known.
Prehistoric rock carving is found on rock outcrops in several parts of upland
Britain with one of the densest concentrations on Rombalds Moor. The most
common form of decoration is the 'cup and ring' mark in which expanses of
small cup-like hollows, which may be surrounded by one or more 'rings', are
pecked into the surface of the rock. Other shapes and patterns, including some
dominated by grooves or lines, are also known. Carvings may occur singly or in
small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They are surmised
to date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (c.2800-500 BC) and
provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric 'art'. The exact
meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they have been interpreted as
sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary
burial monuments. All positively identified prehistoric rock carving sites
exhibiting a significant group of designs have been identified as nationally
important.

This stone is not in its original location, although it is not thought to have
been moved far. It is a fixture in its present location and bears a good cup
and ring marking.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 109

Source: Historic England

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