Ancient Monuments

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Cup-marked rock close to road south east of a small car park south east of Bracken Hall Farm.

A Scheduled Monument in Baildon, Bradford

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.8464 / 53°50'47"N

Longitude: -1.8001 / 1°48'0"W

OS Eastings: 413248.67543

OS Northings: 438929.199495

OS Grid: SE132389

Mapcode National: GBR HRWY.2X

Mapcode Global: WHC92.BL13

Entry Name: Cup-marked rock close to road south east of a small car park south east of Bracken Hall Farm.

Scheduled Date: 29 December 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009716

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25255

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Baildon

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Baildon St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a cracked reddish gritstone outcrop, 2.4m x 1.94m at
grass level. It is located near the road, south east of a small car park south
east of Bracken Hall Farm, and close to a prominent rock painted with `Jesus
Savess'(sic).
The carving consists of four shallow cups.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between
the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of
rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich
in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock
carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered
across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed
settlements are also known.
Prehistoric rock carving is found on rock outcrops in several parts of upland
Britain with one of the densest concentrations on Rombalds Moor. The most
common form of decoration is the 'cup and ring' mark in which expanses of
small cup-like hollows, which may be surrounded by one or more 'rings', are
pecked into the surface of the rock. Other shapes and patterns, including some
dominated by grooves or lines, are also known. Carvings may occur singly or in
small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They are surmised
to date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (c.2800-500 BC) and
provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric 'art'. The exact
meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they have been interpreted as
sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary
burial monuments. All positively identified prehistoric rock carving sites
exhibiting a significant group of designs have been identified as nationally
important.

The carvings on this rock survive well and will contribute to an understanding
of the wider grouping of carved rocks.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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