Ancient Monuments

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Eastern bowl barrow of a pair at crossroads east of Craike Hill, 1km NNW of Eastburn Warren Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Garton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0062 / 54°0'22"N

Longitude: -0.507 / 0°30'25"W

OS Eastings: 497949.702248

OS Northings: 457718.791822

OS Grid: SE979577

Mapcode National: GBR SQX3.1M

Mapcode Global: WHGDB.5KVM

Entry Name: Eastern bowl barrow of a pair at crossroads east of Craike Hill, 1km NNW of Eastburn Warren Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014873

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26531

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Garton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirkburn St Mary

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated in the north east
corner of a field, to the NNW of Eastburn Warren Farm. The north-south
directioned road from Garton to Kirkburn and Eastburn passes close to the
eastern side of the monument, whilst an old east-west greenway which
intersects the main road in a crossroads here, passes across its northern
The barrow survives as a very low spread mound 25m in diameter and 0.3m in
height and is surrounded by a ditch around 2m wide which, although infilled
by ploughing through the course of time and now no longer visible at ground
level, will survive as a buried feature.
The barrow is one of a pair in this field, two of the few survivors of the
many Bronze Age barrows which once existed in this part of the Yorkshire
The barrow ditch extends underneath the paved highway to the east; the
metalled surface of the road is excluded from the scheduling, together with
the modern post and wire fencing to the north and east of the barrow, although
the ground beneath them is included in both cases.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The monument is one of a pair of bowl barrows here, representing two of the
few survivors of the many barrows that formerly existed in this area. Despite
partial excavation by J R Mortimer in 1866, and the degree of ploughing which
has nearly levelled the barrow mound, the barrow will retain archaeological
information relating to the manner of its construction, together with further

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 235-7
Bastow, M.E., AM107, (1988)
Bastow, M.E., AM107, (1990)
Bastow, M.E., AM107, (1994)
Humberside SMR, Sites and Monuments Records Sheet, (1994)
Saunders, AD, AM7, (1966)
Walker, J., AM12, (1979)

Source: Historic England

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