Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 350m south-east of Low Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Garton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0134 / 54°0'48"N

Longitude: -0.5273 / 0°31'38"W

OS Eastings: 496598.12

OS Northings: 458491.9504

OS Grid: SE965584

Mapcode National: GBR SQR1.M1

Mapcode Global: WHGD9.WD23

Entry Name: Round barrow 350m south-east of Low Farm

Scheduled Date: 13 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007852

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21210

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Garton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Garton-on-Wolds St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow, part of a wider group in this
area of the Yorkshire Wolds. Although altered by agricultural activity and no
longer identifiable as a surface feature, the circular outline of a buried
ditch surrounding the mound is visible on aerial photographs and has an
outside diameter of 26m. Below ground features such as the ditch and burial
pits are thought to survive.
The 19th century antiquarian J R Mortimer partially excavated the barrow mound
in September 1872. A central grave four feet deep was found to contain the
crouched skeletons of a woman and also a man accompanied by two flint knives
and a jet stud. Several other bodies were also found; those of an old person,
a young woman accompanied by a bronze awl, and another crouched adult

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although this barrow has been partially excavated and altered by agricultural
activity, below ground remains of the encircling ditch and the contents of
unexcavated grave pits will survive intact. It will also contribute to an
understanding of the wider group of which it is a member.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 216-8
4331, Dent, J,

Source: Historic England

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