Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 400m south-west of Low Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Garton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0132 / 54°0'47"N

Longitude: -0.5364 / 0°32'10"W

OS Eastings: 496005.691978

OS Northings: 458454.94032

OS Grid: SE960584

Mapcode National: GBR SQP1.N4

Mapcode Global: WHGD9.QDS8

Entry Name: Round barrow 400m south-west of Low Farm

Scheduled Date: 12 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007856

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21216

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Garton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Garton-on-Wolds St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument is a Bronze Age round barrow, part of a wider group in this area
of the Yorkshire Wolds. Although the barrow mound has been levelled by
ploughing, its enclosing circular ditch, excavated during the construction of
the monument, is clearly visible on aerial photographs. The ditch has become
in-filled, but survives as a buried feature 30m in diameter.
The 19th century antiquarian J R Mortimer partially excavated the barrow mound
in September 1872. He found a single burial accompanied by a pottery food
vessel and a flint knife.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although the barrow has been partially excavated and altered by agricultural
activity, below ground remains of the encircling ditch and grave pits will
survive. It will also contribute to an understanding of the wider group of
which it is a member.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 219

Source: Historic England

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