Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 700m south of Low Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Garton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0094 / 54°0'33"N

Longitude: -0.5281 / 0°31'41"W

OS Eastings: 496554.207978

OS Northings: 458039.46633

OS Grid: SE965580

Mapcode National: GBR SQR2.GH

Mapcode Global: WHGD9.VHP6

Entry Name: Round barrow 700m south of Low Farm

Scheduled Date: 12 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007855

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21215

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Garton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Garton-on-Wolds St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument is a Bronze Age round barrow, part of a wider group in this area
of the Yorkshire Wolds. Although the barrow has been levelled by ploughing its
enclosing circular ditch, excavated during the construction of the monument,
is clearly visible on aerial photographs. The ditch has become in-filled, but
survives as a buried feature 40m in diameter.
The 19th century antiquarian J R Mortimer partially excavated the barrow mound
in 1865.
He found a central grave which contained the skeleton of an adolescent
accompanied by a flint knife, quartz pebbles, a deposit of ochre, and a small
food vessel. The skeleton's lower jaw had been removed and replaced by the
pot. A secondary crouched burial and various human and animal bones scattered
throughout the mound were found.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although the barrow has been partially excavated and altered by agricultural
activity, below ground remains of the encircling ditch and grave pits will
survive. It will also contribute to an understanding of the wider group of
which it is a member.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 229-30

Source: Historic England

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