Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 420m south-west of Low Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Garton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0138 / 54°0'49"N

Longitude: -0.537 / 0°32'13"W

OS Eastings: 495963.568002

OS Northings: 458516.542153

OS Grid: SE959585

Mapcode National: GBR SQP0.JY

Mapcode Global: WHGD9.QCHT

Entry Name: Round barrow 420m south-west of Low Farm

Scheduled Date: 12 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007857

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21217

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Garton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Garton-on-Wolds St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow, part of a wider group in this
area of the Yorkshire Wolds. Although the barrow mound has been levelled by
ploughing, its enclosing circular ditch, from which material was excavated
during the construction of the monument, is clearly visible on aerial
photographs. The ditch has become in-filled over the years but survives as a
buried feature 15m diameter.
The 19th century antiquarian J R Mortimer partially excavated the barrow mound
in 1872.
He found a central semi-circular grave which contained the skeleton of a male
accompanied by pottery fragments. A second grave was found to the north-west
of the centre; it contained the crouched skeleton of an adolescent in a wooden

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although the barrow has been partially excavated and altered by agricultural
activity, below ground remains of the encircling ditch and the grave pits will
survive. It will also contribute to an understanding of the wider group of
which it is a member.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 219-20

Source: Historic England

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