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Western bowl barrow of a pair east of Craike Hill, 1km NNW of Eastburn Warren Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Garton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0064 / 54°0'22"N

Longitude: -0.5091 / 0°30'32"W

OS Eastings: 497807.509499

OS Northings: 457732.333002

OS Grid: SE978577

Mapcode National: GBR SQW3.KL

Mapcode Global: WHGDB.4KTH

Entry Name: Western bowl barrow of a pair east of Craike Hill, 1km NNW of Eastburn Warren Farm

Scheduled Date: 20 March 1967

Last Amended: 20 December 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013709

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26530

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Garton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirkburn St Mary

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated in a field NNW of
Eastburn Warren Farm.
The barrow survives as a low mound 30m in diameter and 0.5m in height and is
surrounded by a ditch about 2m wide, which, although infilled by ploughing
through the course of time and therefore no longer visible at the ground
level, will survive as a buried feature.
The barrow mound was originally substantially larger, but its summit was
removed around 1850, following which it was excavated by J R Mortimer in 1866.
A primary crouched inhumation was found at the centre of the mound,
accompanied by a crushed beaker. Over this lay an east-west orientated
cremation trench containing masses of calcined human bones of which the
remains of at least six adults were identified. A cist-like feature was found
at one end of the barrow with evidence of a fire, but no burial. In addition
to the primary burial and the main cremation, four secondary burials were also
found within the fabric of the barrow, consisting of dismembered human bones
to the east of the cremation trench, another cremation interred in a
semicircular hole below the main cremation trench and two further crouched
inhumations.
The barrow is one of a pair in this field, two of the few survivors of the
many Bronze Age barrows that once existed in this part of the Yorkshire Wolds.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The monument is one of a pair of bowl barrows here, which represent two of the
few survivors of the many barrows which formerly existed in this area.
Despite part excavation of this monument by J R Mortimer in 1866, the barrow
still survives reasonably well and will contain further archaeological
information, including evidence for the manner of its construction,
environmental information relating to the Bronze Age period from the buried
land surface, and possibly additional burial remains.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 235-7
Other
Bastow, M.E., AM107, (1988)
Bastow, M.E., AM107, (1990)
Bastow, M.E., AM107, (1994)
Humberside SMR, Sites and Monuments Records Sheet, (1994)
Saunders, AD, AM7, (1966)
Walker, J., AM12, (1979)

Source: Historic England

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