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Bowl barrow in New Planting, forming part of the Three Barrow Clump round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Abbas, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.711 / 50°42'39"N

Longitude: -2.568 / 2°34'4"W

OS Eastings: 359993.355906

OS Northings: 90307.263372

OS Grid: SY599903

Mapcode National: GBR PV.8NKG

Mapcode Global: FRA 57H6.CD1

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in New Planting, forming part of the Three Barrow Clump round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 18 September 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013246

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22956

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Abbas

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Winterbournes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a low ridge of the South
Dorset Downs overlooking the South Winterbourne valley to the north. The
barrow represents an outlier of the Three Barrow Clump round barrow cemetery,
which is situated on higher ground 250m to the south west and contains at
least eight round barrows in all.
The barrow has a mound composed of chalk, earth and flint with a maximum
diameter of 11m and a maximum height of c.0.4m. This is surrounded by a ditch
from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This
is no longer visible at ground level as it has become infilled over the years,
but it will survive as a buried feature c.1m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow in New Planting survives well and will contain archaeological
and environmental evidence relating to the Three Barrow Clump cemetery and the
landscape in which it was constructed. The round barrow cemetery contains a
bell barrow, of which 250 are known nationally and a pond barrow, of which
only 60 are known.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Mention flinty mound,
Mention no sign of ditch,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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