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Two bowl barrows 400m west of Longlands Farm, forming part of the Longlands round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Abbas, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7076 / 50°42'27"N

Longitude: -2.5653 / 2°33'54"W

OS Eastings: 360180.367138

OS Northings: 89923.545918

OS Grid: SY601899

Mapcode National: GBR PV.8WTQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 57J6.LFK

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 400m west of Longlands Farm, forming part of the Longlands round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 31 October 1957

Last Amended: 18 September 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013259

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22949

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Abbas

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Winterbournes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows, aligned north-south and situated on
the South Dorset Downs on a north facing chalk ridge overlooking the valley of
the South Winterbourne. The barrows form two of a group of six round barrows
which together are known as the Longlands barrow cemetery.
The northern barrow has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint with a
maximum diameter of 25m and a maximum height of c.3m. This is surrounded by a
ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. The ditch has become infilled over the years, but is known to
survive as a buried feature which is sometimes visible as a soil mark 5m wide.
The ditch encloses an oval area which contains of a second barrow mound 5m to
the south of the northern barrow. This mound has been reduced by ploughing,
but remains visible as a chalky patch 7m in diameter.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction in the height of the southen barrow, caused by cultivation,
the two bowl barrows 400m west of Longlands Farm survive comparatively well
and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the
cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Mention barrow,
Mention trace of ditch,
Mention trace of second barrow mound,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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