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Bell barrow 125m west of Longlands Farm, forming part of the Longlands round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Abbas, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7078 / 50°42'28"N

Longitude: -2.5613 / 2°33'40"W

OS Eastings: 360463.005128

OS Northings: 89946.307615

OS Grid: SY604899

Mapcode National: GBR PV.8Y2F

Mapcode Global: FRA 57J6.N09

Entry Name: Bell barrow 125m west of Longlands Farm, forming part of the Longlands round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 31 October 1957

Last Amended: 18 September 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013257

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22947

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Abbas

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Winterbournes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow situated on a north facing chalk ridge
overlooking the valley of the South Winterbourne to the north. The barrow is
one of a group of six which together form the Longlands barrow cemetery.
The barrow has a central mound composed of earth, chalk and flint with a
maximum diameter of 38m and a maximum height of c.0.8m. The mound is known
from a survey conducted in the 1960's to have been surrounded by a berm or
gently sloping platform. The berm has since become integrated into the profile
of the mound as a result of ploughing. Surrounding the berm is a ditch from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditch
is no longer visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years,
but it is known to have been visible as an earthwork 3.5m wide in the 1960s
and it will survive as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The Longlands round barrow cemetery developed around an earlier long barrow.
The bell barrow 125m west of Longlands Farm survives comparatively well and
will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the
cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 464
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 464

Source: Historic England

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