Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 400m north-west of Janesmoor Pond

A Scheduled Monument in Bramshaw, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.923 / 50°55'22"N

Longitude: -1.6537 / 1°39'13"W

OS Eastings: 424438.147334

OS Northings: 113778.448079

OS Grid: SU244137

Mapcode National: GBR 64P.2Q8

Mapcode Global: FRA 76FN.MLH

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 400m north-west of Janesmoor Pond

Scheduled Date: 27 October 1970

Last Amended: 17 December 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012988

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12127

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Bramshaw

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Bramshaw St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows set on a flat area of open New
Forest heathland. The barrows are aligned north-south and separated by
a distance of c.40m. The northern of the two barrows survives to a
diameter of 23.5m, is 2.2m high and surrounded by a seasonally
waterfilled ditch 3.2m wide and 0.5m deep. It was partially excavated
in 1943 and produced a cremation buried beneath a turf mound capped by
gravel. A concrete and brick structure 1m deep and built into the
centre of the barrow mound is excluded from the monument. The southern
mound is less distinct having been partially damaged by construction
of an airfield. The mound has a diameter of c.16m and is 0.2m high.
Surrounding the mound and surviving as a buried feature, is a silted
ditch c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial excavation of the northern barrow mound, much of the
monument remains intact and therefore has considerable archaeological
potential.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Piggott, C M, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in , , Vol. 9, (1943), 22

Source: Historic England

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