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Bowl barrow 645m north of Longcross Pond forming part of Black Bush Plain round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Redlynch, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9418 / 50°56'30"N

Longitude: -1.6478 / 1°38'51"W

OS Eastings: 424842.504799

OS Northings: 115874.566205

OS Grid: SU248158

Mapcode National: GBR 649.XXZ

Mapcode Global: FRA 76FM.9VS

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 645m north of Longcross Pond forming part of Black Bush Plain round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 14 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012584

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20303

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Redlynch

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bramshaw St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on lowland heath and forming
part of the Black Bush Plain round barrow cemetery. The barrow mound measures
9m in diameter and stands up to 0.4m high. Although no longer visible at
ground level, a ditch, from which material was quarried during the
construction of the barrow, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled
over the years but survives as a buried feature c.1m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The Black Bush Plain round barrow cemetery contains a significantly large
number of small undisturbed barrows. The survival of so many small barrows
within a cemetery is particularly uncommon in southern England. Although
some of the larger mounds have been partially disturbed, all the barrows
retain undisturbed remains and the cemetery as a whole has considerable
archaeological potential. The New Forest region is known to have been
important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation and a considerable amount
of archaeological evidence has survived because of a lack of agricultural
activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and
the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 357

Source: Historic England

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