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Five bowl barrows 500m north of Longcross Pond forming part of the Black Bush Plain round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Redlynch, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9403 / 50°56'25"N

Longitude: -1.6477 / 1°38'51"W

OS Eastings: 424851.453507

OS Northings: 115710.254055

OS Grid: SU248157

Mapcode National: GBR 649.XZS

Mapcode Global: FRA 76FM.HWF

Entry Name: Five bowl barrows 500m north of Longcross Pond forming part of the Black Bush Plain round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 14 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012585

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20304

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Redlynch

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bramshaw St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

This monument includes five bowl barrows situated on lowland heath and forming
part of the Black Bush Plain round barrow cemetery. Although no longer
visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was quarried during the
construction of each barrow, surrounds every mound. These have become
infilled over the years but survive as buried features. From north to south,
the barrows can be described as follows:

(SU 24831573) The barrow mound measures 10.5m in diameter and 0.6m high. A
hollow in the centre of the mound suggests previous robbing or partial
excavation.

(SU 24851571) The barrow mound measures 5m in diameter and 0.2m high. This
barrow has seen limited damage by vehicular traffic.

(SU 24861570) The barrow mound measures 7m in diameter and 0.25m high.

(SU 24861569) The barrow mound measures 11m in diameter and 0.7m high. A
small hollow on the northern edge of the mound suggests robbing or partial
excavation.

(SU 24861568) The barrow mound measures 9m in diameter and 0.5m high. The
eastern edge of the barrow has been clipped by a track.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The Black Bush Plain round barrow cemetery contains a significantly large
number of small undisturbed barrows. The survival of so many small barrows
within a cemetery is particularly uncommon in southern England. Although
some of the larger mounds have been partially disturbed, all the barrows
retain undisturbed remains and the cemetery as a whole has considerable
archaeological potential. The New Forest region is known to have been
important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation and a considerable amount
of archaeological evidence has survived because of a lack of agricultural
activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and
the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 357

Source: Historic England

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