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Bowl barrow 450m south-east of Thruxted Mill, one of six in Eggringe Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Godmersham, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2169 / 51°13'0"N

Longitude: 1.0027 / 1°0'9"E

OS Eastings: 609798.904651

OS Northings: 150691.058277

OS Grid: TR097506

Mapcode National: GBR SXF.NB6

Mapcode Global: VHKKB.BPG0

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 450m south-east of Thruxted Mill, one of six in Eggringe Wood

Scheduled Date: 17 January 1975

Last Amended: 29 July 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012350

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12829

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Godmersham

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which comprises an earthen mound
encircled by a now-infilled quarry ditch. This is the most upstanding of the
examples in Eggringe Wood, surviving to a height of 1.8m. The mound is some
18m in diameter but the ditch beyond is no longer visible, having been
infilled by erosion from the mound and by leaf-litter. The diameter of the
mound and ditch together is 22m.
A hole in the top of the mound shows that partial excavation has taken place,
but the original ground surface below the barrow mound appears not to have
been reached. The many flint nodules from the digging suggest that it was
largely from such material that the mound was originally constructed.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 bc. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy
prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern
landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument
type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social
organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly
representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving
examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the small-scale partial excavation attested by the hole in the top of
the mound, the barrow near Thruxted Mill in Eggringe Wood is considered to
retain significant archaeological potential since much of the mound, the
burials in or beneath it, the original ground surface and the surrounding
ditch all survive intact. The barrow is one of a group of six similar
examples in the immediate locality. Such a concentration is unusual in Kent
and together the barrows demonstrate the importance of the area for burial
in the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
Kent - bowl barrow in Eggringe Wood, TR05 SE,

Source: Historic England

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