Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 400m north-east of Buckholt Farm in Mounts Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Waltham, Kent

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Latitude: 51.2143 / 51°12'51"N

Longitude: 1.0142 / 1°0'51"E

OS Eastings: 610611.703876

OS Northings: 150436.68155

OS Grid: TR106504

Mapcode National: GBR SXF.Z2R

Mapcode Global: VHKKB.JRJ0

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 400m north-east of Buckholt Farm in Mounts Wood

Scheduled Date: 16 January 1975

Last Amended: 4 January 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012143

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12819

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Waltham

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent


The monument includes a bowl barrow which comprises an earthen mound and
an encircling ditch. The mound measures 21m in diameter and stands to a
height of 1.6m. An old excavation trench 1m wide extends from the
southern margin of the mound towards the centre. The surrounding ditch
has been infilled completely by erosion from the mound and by leaf
litter so that it is no longer visible on the surface. It was dug
originally to provide the earth for the mound.
The mound and ditch together have a diameter of approximately 26m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite the limited disrurbance to the monument caused by small-scale partial
excavation and by the roots of fallen trees, the monument retains
significant archaeological potential because less than one-fifth
of the mound has been affected and because the original ground surface
and the entire ditch survive apparently undisturbed. These areas will
hold evidence of the manner and duration of use of the monument and of
the environment in which it was created

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. TR 15 SW 18,

Source: Historic England

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