Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl Barrow 350M E.S.E. of Capel farm in Mounts Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Petham, Kent

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Latitude: 51.2214 / 51°13'16"N

Longitude: 1.0269 / 1°1'37"E

OS Eastings: 611467.809872

OS Northings: 151263.924492

OS Grid: TR114512

Mapcode National: GBR TYS.8H6

Mapcode Global: VHKKB.RK8K

Entry Name: Bowl Barrow 350M E.S.E. of Capel farm in Mounts Wood

Scheduled Date: 4 January 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012142

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12820

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Petham

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent


The monument includes a bowl barrow which comprises an earthen mound
and an encircling ditch. The barrow mound covers an area 14m in diameter
and stands to a maximum height of 1.2m. At the centre of the mound is a
hollow 1.5m across which signals a partial excavation, probably during
the later 19th century. The surrounding ditch, which was dug to provide
the earth with which to build the mound, is still visible as a slight
depression some 2.5m from the outer to inner edge at the foot of the
mound. The mound and ditch together have a diameter of 20m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although the barrow south of Capel Farm has been subjected to partial
excavation in the past, the scale of disturbance is small and the
monument still retains its archaeological potential. Evidence of tbe
manner and duration of use of the barrow, as well as of the environment
in which it was created, are likely to survive in the old ground surface
below the mound as well as in the surrounding ditch.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. TR 14 NE 7,

Source: Historic England

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