Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow, the westernmost of six in Eggringe Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Godmersham, Kent

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Latitude: 51.2144 / 51°12'51"N

Longitude: 1.0004 / 1°0'1"E

OS Eastings: 609642.633401

OS Northings: 150415.493957

OS Grid: TR096504

Mapcode National: GBR SXF.V03

Mapcode Global: VHKKB.9Q6W

Entry Name: Bowl barrow, the westernmost of six in Eggringe Wood

Scheduled Date: 17 January 1975

Last Amended: 29 July 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012337

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12830

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Godmersham

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent


The monument includes a bowl barrow which comprises an earthen mound
encircled by a now partly-infilled quarry ditch. The largest of the barrows
in the immediate locality, the mound in this case measures 26m in diameter
and stands to a height of 1.6m. The position of the surrounding ditch is
marked by a hollow some 2.5m across and 0.2m deep around the edge of the
mound. The diameter of the mound and ditch together is 31m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 bc. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy
prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern
landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument
type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social
organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly
representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving
examples are considered worthy of protection.

The westernmost barrow in Eggringe Wood is one of a group of six similar
examples in the immediate locality. Such a concentration is unusual in Kent
and together the barrows demonstrate the importance of the area for burial in
the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


(Westernmost bowl barrow of six in Eggringe Wood),
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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