Ancient Monuments

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Manor House moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Todwick, Rotherham

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.3528 / 53°21'9"N

Longitude: -1.2529 / 1°15'10"W

OS Eastings: 449824.349595

OS Northings: 384244.677171

OS Grid: SK498842

Mapcode National: GBR MYPN.JV

Mapcode Global: WHDDS.QZKL

Entry Name: Manor House moated site

Scheduled Date: 21 June 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012202

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13231

County: Rotherham

Civil Parish: Todwick

Built-Up Area: Todwick

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): South Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Todwick St Peter and St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Sheffield

Details

Manor House moated site, Todwick, consists of an island, measuring c.100m
along the east, west and south sides and c.50m along the north. Surrounding
the island is a largely water-filled moat, filled in and partially built
over to the west and south-west. This widens from c.15m to c.20m in the
north-east corner where it is thought to have included an integral fishpond.
In recent years a revetted causeway was discovered across the south arm of
the moat but, whilst the causeway is likely to be an original feature, the
revetment appears relatively modern. Two wells are associated with the
site, one on the island, south-east of the present house, and one in the
field east of the monument. Underneath the present house and its garden are
the foundations of an old manor house demolished in 1947. These remains in
turn overlie those of the medieval manorial complex. Excluded from the
scheduling are all modern buildings, structures and features, the modern
causeway being built across the east arm of the moat to the field beyond,
and the surfaces of all paths and driveways. All the ground beneath these
exclusions is, however, included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Manor House moated site, Todwick has not been excavated and extensive in
situ deposits, including the foundations of successive manorial complexes, are
likely to survive undisturbed, making the site of considerable
archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Le Patourel, H E J, The Moated Sites of Yorkshire, (1973)

Source: Historic England

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