Ancient Monuments

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Netherthorpe moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Thorpe Salvin, Rotherham

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Latitude: 53.3197 / 53°19'11"N

Longitude: -1.1941 / 1°11'38"W

OS Eastings: 453782.282625

OS Northings: 380615.229365

OS Grid: SK537806

Mapcode National: GBR NZ31.8P

Mapcode Global: WHDF0.MTLD

Entry Name: Netherthorpe moated site

Scheduled Date: 30 May 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012200

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13226

County: Rotherham

Civil Parish: Thorpe Salvin

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): South Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Thorpe Salvin St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Sheffield


Netherthorpe moat comprises a rectangular island, measuring 40m north-south
and 50m east-west, surrounded by a water-filled moat crossed by a modern
causeway at the north-west corner. Except at the north-east corner where it
widens considerably, the moat is c.10m wide and is fed at present from the
Bondhay Dyke. Limestone blocks found on the island, particularly along the
northern edge, suggest the island was walled on this side. Late medieval
pottery has also been found on the site. In the sixteenth century,
Netherthorpe was referred to as being `formerly of the dissolved priory of

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The Netherthorpe site has a water-filled moat, in which organic and
palaeoenvironmental material will survive. It has never been excavated and
undisturbed deposits survive on the island and are expected to contain the
foundations of buildings and a revetment wall.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Le Patourel, H E J, The Moated Sites of Yorkshire, (1973)
Public Records Office (Pag: 488), Catalogue of Ancient Deeds, (1915)

Source: Historic England

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