Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Lob Wells Shelter

A Scheduled Monument in Thorpe Salvin, Rotherham

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Latitude: 53.3175 / 53°19'2"N

Longitude: -1.2037 / 1°12'13"W

OS Eastings: 453145.120867

OS Northings: 380355.970738

OS Grid: SK531803

Mapcode National: GBR NZ12.6H

Mapcode Global: WHDF0.HW14

Entry Name: Lob Wells Shelter

Scheduled Date: 11 March 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012803

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13241

County: Rotherham

Civil Parish: Thorpe Salvin

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): South Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Thorpe Salvin St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Sheffield


Lob Wells Shelter is located on the south side of the shallow valley of the
Bondhay Dike, c.250m above the risings of the Lob Wells. The site consists of
a 3m overhang, 2.5m above the present floor, along a front 6m wide. During
excavations carried out by G.F. White in the 1960s and 70s, Mesolithic,
Neolithic and Roman material was recovered. However, the shelter also
contains Later Upper Palaeolithic material, including retouched tools. Only a
small area immediately beneath the overhang has been investigated. Other
areas, including the talus slope have been left undisturbed. In addition, in
situ material survives below the level of the excavations which did not reach
The monument includes all deposits within the cave, and outside the cave it
includes an area of 10m radius from the cave entrance.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Palaeolithic caves and rock shelters provide some of the earliest evidence of
human activity in the period from about 400,000 to 10,000 years ago. The
sites, all natural topographic features, occur mainly in hard limestone in the
north and west of the country, although examples also exist in the softer
rocks of south-east England. Evidence for human occupation is often located
near the cave entrances, close to the rock walls or on the exterior platforms.
The interiors sometimes served as special areas for disposal and storage or
were places where material naturally accumulated from the outside. Because of
the special conditions of deposition and preservation, organic and other
fragile materials often survive well and in stratigraphic association. Caves
and rock shelters are therefore of major importance for understanding this
period. Due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their
longevity as a monument type, all examples with good survival of deposits are
considered to be nationally important.

The Palaeolithic Caves of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and South
Yorkshire belong to a major regional group of which Lob Wells Shelter is
an important example due to the quantity of surviving deposit.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Campbell, J B, The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain, (1977)
Jacobi, R M, 'Culture and Environment in Prehistoric Wales: Selected Essays' in The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain with special ref. to Wales, (1980), 15-100
Jenkinson, R D S, The Archaeological caves and rockshelters in the Creswell Crags, 1978, Pamphlet

Source: Historic England

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