Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Part of Eylesbarrow Reave

A Scheduled Monument in Sheepstor, Devon

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Latitude: 50.4842 / 50°29'3"N

Longitude: -4.0157 / 4°0'56"W

OS Eastings: 257094.506202

OS Northings: 66870.856335

OS Grid: SX570668

Mapcode National: GBR Q2.ZSDH

Mapcode Global: FRA 27GS.5CZ

Entry Name: Part of Eylesbarrow Reave

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011977

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10627

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Sheepstor

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


The Dartmoor reaves are part of a highly elaborate and extensive system of
Prehistoric land division, introduced some time around 1700 BC. The reaves
consist of simple linear stone and earth banks used to mark out discrete
territories, some of which are defined by parallel, contour and watershed
reaves, dividing the lower land from the grazing zones of the higher moor.
Eylesbarrow Reave is a watershed reave which separates the watershed of the
Plym from that of the Meavy, it extends from the Plym at Cadworthy Wood to
the summit of Eylesbarrow, a distance of approximately 6km. Though the reave
can be traced from end to end, there are now gaps along its length which
result in its preservation in separate sections of unequal length. This
section runs across a spur on the 320m contour and down the north-east slope
of Ringmoor Down and Gutter Tor for a distance of some 700m and consists of
a stone and earth bank up to 0.75m in height and 3m in width. There are two
cairns immediately on its south side.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the
most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country.
The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct
evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early Prehistoric
period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between
settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
Elaborate complexes of fields and field boundaries are some of the major
features of the Dartmoor landscape. They have important implications for
studying Prehistoric land divisions and communal systems of land-holding,
not just in this region but also nationally. Eylesbarrow Reave is a major
watershed reave in the South Moor system; this section is closely associated
with two cairns immediately on its south side.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Fleming, A, The Dartmoor Reaves, (1988)
SX56NE-278, SX56NE-278, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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